ECN Forex Trading FAQ

ECN Forex Trading FAQ1. What is ECN Forex Trading?

ECN means Electronic Communication Network and refers to the Electronic Network of Banks. This network is designed to match automatically bid and ask orders and to execute transactions without any intervention. Via the use of the ECN network participants in different geographic locations can easily trade with each other without the need for a middleman.


2. What is an ECN Forex Broker?

ECN Forex Brokers are large financial firms that are able to connect traders with the ECN Network via the FIX Protocol (Financial Information Exchange Protocol). ECN brokers create a liquidity bridge between retail traders and the vast market depth of the International Foreign Exchange Marketplace, and they do that without interference.

» Find and Compare Forex Brokers


3. What means Trading on Margin?

Margin means an amount used as collateral for opening any trading position in the Forex market. Trading on margin means opening positions larger than the initial trader’s funds. This feature is called trading leverage. Usually, ECN Forex brokers allow trading leverage up to 100:1, and that means trading 1 million dollars with an account of a few thousand dollars. If a broker offers leverage 100:1, by dividing 1 by 100, the min. the margin requirement is 1% of the aggregate trading position size. Note, that in the European Union, the maximum allowed trading leverage for retail trading is limited to 30:1.



4. What means Rollover?

Every day at midnight all trading positions are either debited or credited an amount called Rollover or SWAP rate. This amount reflects the differential between the interest rates of two Forex currencies. For example, if you have bought a Forex currency with a 5% annual interest rate and at the same time selling a Forex Currency with a 1% annual interest rate then your account will gain a daily Rollover rate. Note that this rate is credited every day at midnight except weekends. On Wednesdays the Rollover value becomes triple

  • No Rollover on Weekends
  • Triple (x3) Rollover on Wednesdays


5. What Bid/Ask and trading spread mean?

Every Forex pair is traded with two prices, bid and ask. Ask is the lowest price to buy a Forex pair and Bid is the highest price to sell it. The spread is the difference between these two prices. ECN Forex brokers offer tight spreads and that means a narrow difference between Ask and Bid. For example, EURUSD is offered usually at about 1 pip spread, GBPUSD at about 1.4 pip, and USDJPY at 1.3 pip.

■ If Ask: 1.0002 and Bid: 1.0000 | Spread is 2.0 pips


6. Which are the Forex Market Sessions?

The Foreign Exchange market is opened 24/5, from Monday to Friday. Here is a table with all sessions based on the GMT time zone:

Forex Market Center

Time Zone




Europe / Berlin

07:00 AM

03:00 PM


Europe / London

08:00 AM

04:00 PM

New York

America / New York

01:00 PM

09:00 PM


Australia / Sydney

09:00 PM

05:00 AM


Asia / Tokyo

11:00 PM

07:00 AM


7. Do ECN Forex Brokers provide Demo Accounts?


Yes, ECN Forex brokers provide Demo/Practice Accounts. A demo trading account is a good start for any Forex trader, before opening a Live Trading Account. Although there might be differences in the trading conditions of a Real and a Demo Account, in general, a Demo Account can prove a good pilot to determine what is going on. Even if you already have a Real account, a demo with the same broker can be a good tool for testing spreads and the risk exposure of any position. That means to open the exact same position on a Demo Account before opening it on a real account.


8. Which Fund Methods are Available by ECN Forex Brokers?

ECN Forex brokers support a wide variety of funding methods. They all support Bank Wire transfers, and most of them support Debit/Credit Cards. Some ECN Brokers also support Paypal, Skrill, WebMoney, Neteller, and other internet wallets.


9. Which are the Fees charged by ECN Forex Brokers?

There are four types of fees that may be charged by ECN Forex Brokers:

  • Trading Commissions on Volume (from 0 to $15/lot)
  • Withdrawal Fees (from $0 to $30 per withdrawal)
  • Maintenance / Inactive Fees (from $0 to $30 annually)
  • Fees for Special Services (for example fees for VPS Forex Hosting, from $0 to $50 monthly)



10. What are the essential features of an ECN Forex Broker?

Here are some essential features when choosing Forex Brokers:

  • Safety of Funds

First of all, you should always choose among regulated Forex Companies. Whatever a broker promises, consider it useless, if this broker is not regulated by a reliable government body (for example FCA UK, ASIC, FINMA, etc.). Furthermore, the years of existence in the market and the location (country) of the headquarters are also important. Avoid new brokers and brokers situated in offshore countries. Moreover, a good ECN broker should also provide full client funds segregation.

  • Funding Methods

If the funding methods available do not suit you there is no point in reviewing further any Forex Broker. Just make sure that the funding methods are the same as the withdrawal methods. Furthermore, ask about any fees using the live chat or email.

  • Trading Cost

The cost of trading is a factor determining your trading success, especially as concerns Day-Traders (Forex Scalpers, etc.) Make sure you have reviewed the spreads and commissions charged on the specific account type you are about to open and not to another account type. Account types may differ significantly as concerns the trading conditions.

  • Available Technology

Technology is always important when trading online. The Metatrader4 platform is a clear standard for the ECN Forex industry. Note, some Forex brokers have developed their own platforms and offer MT4 only via software bridge (i.e. Dukascopy). A demo account can assist traders to test the technological efficiency of any Forex broker before opening a Real Account.

  • Trading Promotions

Usually, ECN Forex brokers do not offer Welcome Bonus but instead, they offer Forex Trading Rebates, which are very useful for large-volume traders such as scalpers and institutional traders.

» Compare many ECN Forex Brokers



ECN Forex Trading FAQ (c)